Day, A. L., & Chamberlain, T. C. (2006). Committing to your work, spouse, and children: Implications for work–family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68(1), 116-130.
Conflict is often experienced when trying to balance work and family responsibilities. The authors examined the direct and indirect relationships of role commitment on work family conflict (work-spouse and work-parent conflict).
Surveys were completed by 253 female nurses and 196 female police officers across North America.
As work-parent conflict increased, parent commitment increased but spouse and job commitment decreased. Job commitment moderated the relationships between job control and work-spouse conflict and irregular work schedules and work-spouse conflict.
Commitment has the potential to either reduce or increase conflict between roles.